Born in 1533 in the province of Zazzau, Queen Amina (also known as Queen Aminatu), was the eldest daughter of the Amir of Zakzak and Queen Bakwa Turunku, who established the Zazzau (A.K.A. Zakzak) Kingdom in 1536.
This ancient African kingdom was located in the region now known Zaria, Kaduna in north-central Nigeria. Zazzau was one of the seven Hausa city-states which dominated the sub-Saharan trade after the collapse of the Songhai Empire at the end of the 16th century. It owes its affluence to the trade of vital commodities like leather, textile, horses, salt, kola, cloth, and imported metal from the East.